This rule comes into play when the ball crosses over the restraining line at the attacking end of the field. The umpire can use a held whistle. Once the attacking play is with 15m of goal & on a scoring play the umpire can use the advantage flag. This is a major foul.
Defending attackers in the 11m area
A defender cannot remain in the 11m area unless she is marking an opponent (within a sticks length approx 2m). Only 1 defending player may mark the same non-ball carrier.
Defending attackers who are standing directly behind the goal circle
The defender who is marking a player directly behind the goal circle is exempt from the 3 second call (although she can be called for free space to goal). If another defender goes behind the goal circle to mark the attacker behind the goal, then the defender, who was originally in front of the goal, must leave the 11m area. If the attacker moves beyond the edges of the goal circle then, again, the defender has to move right out of the 11m area.
Who calls it ?
The trail umpire calls it.
Where is it set up ?
The free position shall be taken by the attack player in possession of the ball, and the Free Positions shall be set up relative to the spot of the ball when the whistle sounds to stop play. The illegal defender must move 4m behind the free position.
- If the player with the ball is within 11m of goal when a 3 second penalty is awarded, the free position is set at the nearest 11m hash mark
- If the player with the ball is between 15m and 11m from goal when a 3 second penalty is awarded, the free position is set at the spot of the ball.
- If the player with the ball is behind the goal when a 3 second penalty is awarded, the free position is set at the 11m mark on the goal line extended.
Use this diagram to sketch out different scenarios and work out what is and is not a 3 second violation.